Morphologic brain network predicts levodopa responsiveness in Parkinson disease

Xie, Yongsheng and Gao, Chunyan and Wu, Bin and Peng, Liling and Wu, Jianjun and Lang, Liqin (2023) Morphologic brain network predicts levodopa responsiveness in Parkinson disease. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 14. ISSN 1663-4365

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Background: The levodopa challenge test (LCT) has been routinely used in Parkinson disease (PD) evaluation and predicts the outcome of deep brain stimulation (DBS). Guidelines recommend that patients with an improvement in Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-III score > 33% in the LCT receive DBS treatment. However, LCT results are affected by many factors, and only provide information on the immediate effectiveness of dopamine. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between LCT outcome and brain imaging features of PD patients to determine whether the latter can be used to identify candidates for DBS.

Methods: A total of 38 PD patients were enrolled in the study. Based on improvement in UPDRS-III score in the LCT, patients were divided into low improvement (PD-LCT-L) and high improvement (PD-LCT-H) groups. Each patient’s neural network was reconstructed based on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data using the Jensen–Shannon divergence similarity estimation method. The network was established with the multiple kernel support vector machine technique. We analyzed differences in individual morphologic brain networks and their global and local metrics to determine whether there were differences in the connectomes of PD-LCT-L and PD-LCT-H groups.

Results: The 2 groups were similar in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics. Mean ± SD levodopa responsiveness was 26.52% ± 3.47% in the PD-LCT-L group (N = 13) and 58.66% ± 4.09% in the PD-LCT-H group (N = 25). There were no significant differences between groups in global and local metrics. There were 43 consensus connections that were affected in both groups; in PD-LCT-L patients, most of these connections were decreased whereas those related to the dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus and left cuneus were significantly increased.

Conclusion: Morphologic brain network assessment is a valuable method for predicting levodopa responsiveness in PD patients, which can facilitate the selection of candidates for DBS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Middle East Library > Medical Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2024 12:43
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2024 12:43

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